GATM | Global Air Traffic Management Concept

Manajemen Lalu Lintas Udara Global - Konsep komunikasi berbasis Satelit, Navigasi, Pengawasan dan Manajemen Lalu-Lintas Udara. Upaya dilakukan untuk menguji dan menerapkan teknologi yang memungkinkan GATM lebih Efisien serta aman mendukung kontrol lalu lintas udara.

Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) & Organisasi Penerbangan Sipil Internasional (ICAO), Badan khusus Perserikatan Bangsa-Bangsa, menetapkan Standar GATM untuk menjaga perjalanan udara yang aman dan efektif dalam ruang udara didunia yang semakin padat.

Air Traffic Management (ATM)

Technical work programme responsibilities

The operational concept of global air traffic management

—  Required total System Performance

•  Safety

•  Regularity

•  Efficiency

•  Certification and Quality Assurance

—  Autonomy of flight

—  Situational awareness

—  Separation assurance

—  Collision avoidance

—  Optimization of traffic flows

—  Air traffic management regional concept

—  Updating the Global Air Navigation Plan for CNS/ATM Systems

Strategic airspace management

—  Airspace infrastructure planning

•  Airspace organization

•  Visual flight rules (VFR) operations

•  Facilities and services

•  Airborne capabilities

•  Airspace planning methodology

—  ATM requirements for communications, navigation and surveillance

•  ATM requirements for communications

-  Required communication performance (RCP)

         -  Automatic dependent surveillance (ADS) systems

         -  Controller-pilot data link communications (CPDLC)

         -  Data link-flight information services (D-FIS)

•  ATM requirements for navigation

         -  Required navigation performance (RNP)

         -  Area navigation (RNAV) for en-route operations

•  ATM requirements for surveillance

         -  Required surveillance performance (RSP)

         -  ADS Systems

Tactical airspace management

—  Dynamic use of airspace

—  Civil/military co-ordination

Air traffic services (ATS)

—  Air traffic services systems

         -  Flight data processing system (FDPS)

         -  Radar data processing system (RDPS)

         -  Utilization of data link

         -  Automated display systems

—  Air traffic services procedures

         -  Revision of provisions

         -  Global navigation satellite system (GNSS) operations

         -  Operations on intersecting and same runways

         -  Surveillance

=   ADS procedures

=   Use of radar

=   Use of secondary surveillance radar (SSR) alone for separation purposes

=   Air traffic incident reporting

=   Adequacy of distress and urgency communications procedures

=   Flight planning requirements

=   ATS safety management requirements

—  Air traffic services integration

         -  ATS Applications for air-ground data links

         -  Data interchange between automated ATS systems

Air traffic flow management (ATFM)

—  Air traffic flow management systems

•  Functionality

•  Data bases

•  User interface

•  Surveillance input

—  Air traffic flow management procedures

•  Strategic ATFM

•  Tactical ATFM

•  Slot allocation

•  ATFM messages

—  Air traffic flow management integration

•  Global networking

•  Integration of regional ATM systems and procedures

Flight operations

—  Aircraft systems

•  Communications

•  Navigation

•  Surveillance

•  Pilot interface

—  Pilot procedures

•  Update of AIREP format

•  Communication failure procedures

•  Air traffic incident reporting

•  Adequacy of distress and urgency communications procedures

—  Integration of operations

•  Maintain ATC-specified separation

Functional integration

—  Flight operations and ATS

ATS applications for air-ground data links

•  Voice position reporting

•  Automatic position reporting

ADS-Broadcast (ADS-B)

—  Flight operations and ATFM

•  Flight plan negotiation

•  Dynamic flight profiles

—  ATS and ATM

•  Assessment of impact on ATS of data link applications

Contingency planning and crisis management

—  Planning, technical support and implementation

Search and rescue

—  Requirements for ELTs and communications

—  Harmonization of SAR procedures

Regional air navigation plans and supplementary procedures

—  Regional planning, monitoring of regional developments and implementation support

Annexes and PANS

Annex 2 Rules of the Air

Annex 11 Air Traffic Services

Annex 12 Search and Rescue

—  Procedures for Air Navigation Services - Air Traffic Management

( PANS-ATM, Doc 4444 )

Manuals and Circulars

—  Air Traffic Services Planning Manual ( Doc 9426 )

—  Manual of Radiotelephony ( Doc 9432 )

—  Manual concerning Interception of Civil Aircraft ( Doc 9433 )

—  Manual Concerning Safety Measures Relating to Military Activities

Potentially Hazardous to Civil Aircraft Operations ( Doc 9554 )

—  Manual on Implementation of a 300 m (1.000 ft) Vertical Separation Minimum

Between FL 290 and FL 410 Inclusive ( Doc 9574 )

—  Manual on Required Navigation Performance (RNP) ( Doc 9613 )

—  Manual on Airspace Planning Methodology

for the Determination of Separation Minima ( Doc 9689 )

—  Manual of Air Traffic Services Data Link Applications ( Doc 9694 )

—  International Aeronautical and Maritime Search and Rescue (IAMSAR) Manual,

•  Volume I    — Organization and Management ( Doc 9731-I )

•  Volume II   — Mission Coordination ( Doc 9731-II)

•  Volume III — Mobile Facilities ( Doc 9731-III )

—  Global Air Navigation Plan for CNS/ATM Systems ( Doc 9750 )

—  Satellite-aided Search and Rescue - The COSPAS-SARSAT System (Circular 185)

—  Simultaneous Operations on Parallel or Near-parallel Instrument Runways (SOIR)

(Circular 207) ( Doc. 9643 )

Pilot Skills to make “Look-out” more Effective in Visual Collision Avoidance (Circular 213)

[Air Traffic Management Concept Baseline Definition - Boeing

[FACET | Future Air traffic management Concepts Evaluation Tool

[Doc 9854 | Global Air Traffic Management Operational Concept

[Simultaneous Independent and Dependent Parallel Instrument

[Pengetahuan | Knowledge ]

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